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Medicinal Crops

Aloe Vera

Botanical name : Aloe barbadensis

Family :Lilliaceae

Soil and Climate : Well drained laterite to loamy soils is suited for aloe cultivation. The soil pH must be ranged from 7.0 to 8.5. Commercial cultivation can be done in regions having 25 – 40°C.

Seed and sowing : It is propagated through suckers. The suckers are dipped in 0.1 % Carbendazim for five minutes and planted in the field. For planting one hectare of land, 10,000 suckers are required.

Planting season : The planting can be done during two seasons namely June – July and September – October.

Planting : Field is thoroughly ploughed and beds of suitable sizes are formed. Suckers are planted at 90 x 90 cm spacing.

Irrigation : It is mainly grown as rainfed crop. During summer months 4-5 irrigations are required.

Manuring  : Incorporate 10 t/ha of FYM during last ploughing. For fertile soils manuring is not required at all. But for low fertile soils, apply 30 kg/ha of Nitrogen + 120 kg/ha of Gypsum during field preparation. In addition, 30 kg N can be applied after 20 days of planting.

Plant protection   : No pest and disease infestation are noticed in aloe. However, under water logged condition, rotting will occur which will be overcome by good drainage practices.

Harvest : Harvesting can be done 6 – 7 months after planting. Plants are uprooted and processed (gel extraction) within 6 hours after harvest.

An average leaf yield of 15 t/ha can be obtained. Aloe vera give yield about three to five years with three seasons of harvesting each a year.

Market price : Market price of leaves varies from 3 to 10 rupee per kg depending upon market condition.